Krassimira Ilieva-Makulec (Ph.D.)


Assistant professor of soil ecology. She has been studying soil nematodes for over 20 years conducting research on nematode diversity and community structure in natural and man transformed ecosystems. An important focus of her research are interactions in the soil food-web, with particular emphasis on the interactions between nematodes, microorganisms, earthworms and plants. She is also interested in using nematodes as indicators of soil health. Moreover, she has been conducting research on the influence of climate change on soil nematodes.Since 2014, a member of the management committee of EU COST Action 1308 – Climate Change Manipulation Experiments in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Networking and Outreach (ClimMani). Member of the European Society of Nematologists.


Soil Ecology, Structure and Function of Soil Nematode Communities, Soil Food-Web
Interactions, Soil Fauna in Bioindication


Post fulfilled:

  • Assistant editor of  the scientific journal “Polish Journal of Ecology”
  • Editor of the section “Natural bases of the environmental protection” in the “Studia Ecologiae et Bioethicae”
  • Member of the Scientific council of the Faculty of Christian Philosophy
  • Member of the program council of the Open University of UKSW
  • Member of the Management Committee of the COST action ES1308 ClimMani: Climate Change Manipulation Experiments in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Networking and Outreach.
  • tutor of the students of the I year, II level  Environmental Protection, 2016/2017
  • Member of the university appellate disciplinary commission for students


Master’s thesis:
“Structure of phytocoenosis of  lentils and peas” (1986)


Doctoral dissertation:
Comparison of the  life strategy of two species of bacterial-feeding nematodes Acrobeloides nanus and Dolichorhabditis dolichura” (1998)


Membership in Scientific Organizations and Associations:
European Society of Nematologists – from 1996 (representative for Poland)


Grants, projects, expert’s statement, scientific research:

  • Action of the European Commission COST ES1308 ClimMani: “Climate Change Manipulation Experiments in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Networking and Outreach”. Implementation period 2013-2018 (an active part in the action, and a member of the management committee).
  • “Development of innovative methods for rapid identification of nematodes that cause damage to the economy”. Project of Museum and Institute of Zoology PAN cofunded by the European Regional Development Fund. Implementation period 2010-2014 (a contractor in the project).
  • “Metabolic Theory in Ecology at the local level: the relationship between the biomass, population density, species richness and the body size of selected animal taxa in Kampinos National Park”, NCN (2011/01/N/NZ6/05433). Implementation period 2010-2013. Project in PAN CBE.
  • “The importance of direct sowing for the conservation of organic matter and soil structure and diversity of soil fauna”, MNiSzW (N305171136). Implementation period 2009-2011. The project implemented at the Faculty of Agriculture and Biology, Warsaw Agricultural University (a contractor in the project).

Recent publications:

  • Ilieva-Makulec K., Tyburski J., Makuec G., (2016). Soil nematodes in organic and conventional farming system: a comparison of the taxonomic and functional diversity. “Polish Journal of Ecology” 64(4) (in print).
  • Ilieva-Makulec K., Bjarnadottir B., Sigurdsson B.D., (2015), Soil nematode communities on Surtsey, 50 years after the formation of the volcanic island, “Icelandic Agricultural Sciences”, 28: 43-58.
  • Ilieva-Makulec K., (2015), Nicienie glebowe Parku Skaryszewskiego w Warszawie – zagęszczenie i różnorodność zespołów w dwóch siedliskach, [English title: Soil nematodes in the Skaryszewki Park in Warsaw –  community density and diversity in two habitats], „Studia Ecologiae et Bioethicae” 13: 119-133.
  • Ulrich W., Hoste-Danyłow A., Faleńczyk-Koziróg K., Hajdamowicz I., Ilieva-Makulec K., Olejniczak I., Stańska M., Wytwer J., (2015), Temporal patterns of energy equivalence in temperate soil invertebrates, „Oecologia” 179: 271-280.
  •  Ilieva-Makulec K., Kozacki D., Makulec G.,  (2015), The impact of roosting birds on the abundance of two groups of soil mesofauna, “Studia Ecologiae et Bioethicae” 13: 117-133.
  • Ilieva-Makulec K., De Boeck H.J. (2013), Changes in soil nematode community structure following warming and drought manipulations in a grassland mesocosm experiment, “Polish Journal of Ecology” 61: 157-163.
  • Hoste-Danyłow A., Ilieva-Makulec K., Olejniczak I., Hajdamowicz I., Stańska M., Dawid Marczak D., Wytwer J., Faleńczyk-Koziróg K., Ulrich W., (2013), The shape of the intraspecific metabolic rate – body size relationship influences interspecific biomass and abundance distributions of soil animals within a forest ecosystem, “Annales Zoologici Fennici”, 50: 289–302.
  • Ilieva-Makulec K., (2013), Biology, ecology and capabilities to influence the development of soil nematodes, in: The fauna of agricultural soils and their fertility] (red). J. Tyburski, G. Makulec, Wyd. Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, ss. 91-115.
  • Winiszewska G., Dmowska E., Chałańska A., Renata Dobosz, Kornobis F., Ilieva-Makulec K., Skwiercz A., Wolny S., Ishaqe E., (2012)  Nematodes associated with plant growth inhibition in the Wielkopolska region, “Journal of Plant Protection Research”, 52: 440-446.
  • Szanser M., Ilieva-Makulec, Kajak A., Górska E., Kusińska A., Kisiel M., Olejniczak I., Russel S., Sieminiak D., Wojewoda D., (2011), Impact of litter species diversity on decomposition processes and communities of soil organisms, “Soil Biology and Biochemistry”, 43: 9–19.